We have a very aggressive Capex plan as we are implementing major projects, namely the Paradip Numaligarh Pipeline, capacity augmentation from 3 to 9 million tonnes, building the Indo Bangla Product Pipeline and investing in biorefinery
What are the current trends in the petrochemicals sector and how will it impact India?
We have witnessed a global disruption in supply chain logistics and because of that petrochemical commodity prices are running very high. Irrespective of petrochemical products that industries are using, be it polypropylene or polyethylene, the prices are running very high for the producers on a temporary basis. It may sound very good but in the long term this is not sustainable.
We have witnessed how crude prices are moving and petrochemicals cannot be totally divorced from that reality. Probably, it will get resolved when the product production comes back to the normal stream and logistic issues are resolved. Production mainly comes out of China, and perhaps because they are on lockdown, like other commodities petrochemical products have a supply deficit both driven by the production outages and also logistic constraints. However, the high prices are temporary and the gains by producers would not be sustainable.
Key milestones achieved by Numaligarh Refinery in FY 2021-22 and what is the forecast for FY 2022-23?
We have not closed our accounts until now and therefore the numbers are not final but the only thing that I can tell you at this stage is that our revenues will be very good. It will be upwards of Rs. 20,000 crore. So, the top line is okay and profitability figures will also be impressive and is likely to surpass what we have achieved last year.
We have been extremely efficient with energy use so we will clock all time better and we could clock the highest production of wax. One major achievement for us as a PSU company is that we have been declared as the highest procuring entity on the GeM platform as we have been aggressively using the government's e-market place.
Capex plans for FY 2022-23 and new products where you are focusing? How will it impact Numaligarh Refinery and what are the plans related to automation and digitalization across plants?
We have a very aggressive Capex plan as we are implementing major projects, namely the Paradip Numaligarh Pipeline, capacity augmentation from 3 to 9 million tonnes. That means we are building a 6 million tonne refinery inside our premises. Also, we are building the Indo Bangla Product Pipeline and are also investing in the biorefinery that is coming up just adjacent to our refinery at Numaligarh. Our combined Capex for FY 2022-23 would exceed Rs. 6,000 crore. So it is a process and in FY 2021-22, we have spent in excess of Rs. 3,000 crore. So that means we have to spend around Rs. 32,000 crore in the next four years. That's what we are aspiring for so that we can complete all the projects on hand. As far as product diversification is concerned, our immediate goal is to implement the polypropylene plan which has been approved by the board. Till the time, the refinery would diversify into wax production which we would like to keep at the highest. We also have some variants of kerosene, MTO, and wash oil. So these are small variants that we will continue to produce. We will also market some amount of nitrogen that we produce in our plant. Our diversification mainly will happen once we implement the petrochemical projects.
What are your plans with respect to automation and digitization?
We have embarked upon a very ambitious automation and digitization process. We have initiated a project through a cloud shared model called IEEDMS (Integrated Electronic Engineering Data Management System). We have different vendors and consultants on the same platform. Once the files are created, then finally we do a 3D model, and subsequently the structural design can be shared across all stakeholders. We have hired some space on AWS cloud so that all stakeholders can access the files.
This speeds up the approval process and eliminates the requirement to move paper from one place to another. This is a major initiative and it did require an onboarding of all the stakeholders who are using these papers. It was a herculean task but we are through with it. Both consultants and vendors are happy as they will benefit in terms of the approval process as well as the accuracy of the documents that we maintain and at the end of the day all our project documents will be digitized. So this is one major initiative that we are undertaking.
Second, we have implemented something called E-logbook as every process plan is required to maintain log books at different places, namely the field locations. The control room where people who are operating the plant through the DCS are also required to maintain a log book. We have digitized all these log books in a manner that when an operator goes to an equipment, particularly instrumentation gauge or pressure transmitter, he can acquire the data by scanning the QR code through a mobile device and these are intrinsically safe.
One of the major inputs, coming out from the historian software is fed by the DCS software as different plants operate differently.
CSS and DCS dumps the data into some history and the E-logbook package picks up the data and then our console officers put their comments and inputs. This data visibility is also available across the organization so that people who matter can review.
Third, we are implementing it in the reliability space and that is AIMS (Assets Integrity Management System) and RCM (Reliability Centered Maintenance). These are very standard solutions to increase the reliability and the operation availability of the plant.
Numaligarh Refinery has also tied up with AspenTech for maximizing refinery capacity and achieving operational efficiency across different units?
We actually operate different suites provided by AspenTech. We are using a solution called ATOMS that helps us in reconciliation of the stocks i.e. what is going out from the units and what is getting stored in the tanks.
We get those recorded without having to rely on the manual documentation. So we get those things quickly and we can take corrective action if required. Then we use a simulation software called ISIS. We are using the entire suite and we have benefited from their usage and we will continue with that even in future.
You have got a go ahead for the polypropylene project worth Rs. 6,555 crore? What is your plan of action?
We have got the licensor on board and in this case it is LUMMUS. So, we are getting technology from LUMMUS for converting propylene to polypropylene. Maybe going forward, we have to engage one engineering consultant which we will do in due course of time and then parallelly we have to apply for environmental clearance. The process is on and we will obviously start when we get the okay from concerned authorities. As of now, we have only engaged the licensor and they will do the front end engineering, whatever basic engineering is required so that the activity will start when required.
With this diversification, what all products would you be planning as of now?
As of now, we will only remain in the polypropylene space, different grades of course. And interchangeability of different grades based on the market acceptability. We will have different grades but again we will confine ourselves within the commodity space of the petrochemical chain. So once we move forward, we will see what else we can do.
When do you plan to commercialize?
Assuming that the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is happy with one season data which they should be because our baseline data is quite recent. If that be the case, we can expect the clearance to come sometime in the middle of next year or beginning of the first quarter of next year. So when the zero debt starts, I think we should be able to finish up it in 36 months.
What is your market share nationally and by when are you planning to triple your capacities?
We are a very tiny refinery and our national refining capacity is 249 as we process around 2.6 MMTPA which is just 1% of national refining capacity. While we are tiny in the context of India but not in the North East we are definitely a big player. So, one need not only see the size of the refinery but how efficient they are. We are quite efficient that way. So once we have the capacity, we intend to be both efficient and reasonably big to have a lot of product diversification. That is the way forward for us.
As a part of Hydrocarbon vision 2030 for North East India, what is the role that you foresee for Numaligarh Refinery?
If you go through the Hydrocarbon Vision Document 2030, a large number of projects hinge on our expansion, be it IGL which is on their execution way. Be it the product pipeline going from Numaligarh to Siliguri, a 1.72 million pipeline getting augmented over there. Our Bangladesh export will majorly depend upon our ability to supply to them, which again is dependent on our expansion. We have an aggressive plan to go towards Manipur also in future, maybe that pipeline will also come and depending upon our success. So major link projects are coming up based on what Numaligarh will look like in 2025.
You have also signed an agreement with Indradhanush Gas Grid in 2021. How will this agreement help you in the long run?
This agreement will secure natural gas for us as they are a major transporter. GAIL will terminate their pipeline at Guwahati and beyond Guwahati is the responsibility of IGL to carry natural gas to all eight state capitals of North East. They have a very robust natural gas grid and we play a devoted role being an anchor customer, so we will consume around 2.5 mmscfd of gas. So that is a very large quantity if you consider the entire initial consumption of North East. I am sure once the gas grid is connected, a lot of industries will come and the story of the FPJ pipeline will gradually get replicated even in the North East.
So the North East will have access to energy and a lot of ancillary and small industries will grow hinging on the energy availability.
You are also setting up a biorefinery. Could you elaborate on it?
Currently, our biorefinery is getting constructed and we are almost 70% through. This is based on bamboo as feedstock as opposed to other biorefineries based on sugarcane or broken rice that is called 1G. We are also in 2G space but we are unique in the sense that our feedstock is bamboo as opposed to rice straw in other places.
As you are aware that bamboo has a lot of cellulose, we will isolate the cellulose further hydrolyzed in presence of this enzyme, called enzymic hydrolysis, to convert it to glucose, and finally glucose to eternal by fermentation. And in the process, we will also produce something called furfural and acetic acid. Furfural is a good platform chemical and it will be a way of producing either furfuryl alcohol which is a very good binding substance or its product to produce a wood binding agent for refractory material. Since India imports it, that will directly go for import substitution.
We are also trying to open up production of some biodegradable plastic by using furfural as the base material. We have collaborated with IIT Guwahati where the fundamental process is getting developed and we are trying to put up a pilot plant maybe by the end of next year.
We plan to produce 6 crore litres of ethanol per annum and should be in stream by December this year.
How is your company striking a balance between sustainability and growth? Sustainability projects planned for FY 2022-23?
There is no escape from sustainability these days, and carbon dioxide emission is one of the key areas that we are looking at very closely. Apart from water consumption, freshwater consumption is another thing that we are looking at very seriously. Year on year, we have been able to reduce freshwater consumption. We have a permission to consume fresh water of 1,200 cubic meter per hour but we are managing only 700 by aggressive recycling of water.
We want to take it to another level by tying up with NEIST Jorhat, a leading research laboratory. The goal is to separate phenol from the waste water so that that waste water can be recycled into our hydrocracker plant because hydrocracker needs a lot of that injection water during the separation process. We are also trying to pursue green hydrogen and have already floated a tender for supplying an electrolyzer capacity of 2.4 KTP roughly about 300 Kg per hour.
We have invested in a grid connectivity with 220 KV substation coming up and we intend to source green power to power our electrolyzer. So, from an electrolyzer we will produce green hydrogen to the extent that it will reduce our own steam based hydrogen production process, eventually reducing our carbon dioxide emissions.
What are the CSR initiatives you would be undertaking this year?
There are nine areas of our CSR initiatives but the major focus is on health and education. We will continue to invest in health besides our continuous efforts in education. We are already running a nursing school with 100% absorption and are taking around 40 students per year. But going forward, we are trying to upgrade that nursing school with additional 50 seats and to a three-year course.
That is our commitment to the society and the health sector. We have heavily invested in skill development as well and we will continue our efforts on these fronts.
Where do you see Numaligarh refinery in the next five years?
We want to remain nimble as we do not know what lies in the future. There can be two scenarios, one a very aggressive demand destruction scenario where you have to hasten the migration from auto fuel to chemical. So, we will like to keep our options open and at the same time, we also want to be a very major player in the policy initiatives like exports to Bangladesh and Myanmar. We are at an advantage because we are contiguous to both the countries and we are also connected very well by the riverways. Since riverways are being revived, we definitely will play a key role in Bangladesh. Export both in terms of petrochemical as well as petroleum products because we have four sites.
We have a vision that Bangladesh's transition from the energy sector will be a little slower than India's because they are not blessed with two much sunlight and solar cannot be an option for it.
For a longer time, they will have to depend on hydrocarbons because wind energy is also not very great, though they have a shallow sea. Windmills are pretty costly and Bangladesh is not there today. Therefore, our bet is that while there may be a demand destruction very rapid in India in the advent of EV coming very aggressively. Even if that destruction is very drastic, we have a market in Bangladesh and Myanmar to sustain us for some time. But even if that does not happen, we should be nimble enough to migrate to certain chemicals.
We have identified the portfolio and will take action in due course of time.
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